Trial Condition(s):

Visual impairment, Neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD), Diabetic macula edema (DME)

The SPECTRUM Study: An observational study to learn more about how well aflibercept 8 mg works in treating visual impairment due to neovascular age-related macular degeneration or diabetic macula edema

Bayer Identifier:

22480

ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:

NCT06075147

EudraCT Number:

Not Available

EU CT Number:

Not Available

Recruiting

Trial Purpose

This is an observational study in which only data are collected from people who have already been prescribed aflibercept 8 mg by their own doctors.

In this study, data from adults with visual impairment due to neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD) or diabetic macula edema (DME) will be collected and studied.

Visual impairment is any degree of vision loss that affects a person’s ability to perform daily activities. nAMD is an eye disorder that causes vision loss due to the growth of abnormal blood vessels that leak blood or retinal fluid into the macula (the central part of the retina). nAMD is a leading cause of vision loss for people aged 50 and older. DME is a diabetes-related eye disorder. In DME, the macula swells up due to fluid leakage from damaged blood vessels, resulting in vision problems.

Aflibercept 8 mg is a drug that is injected into the eye. It works by blocking a protein called vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) which causes abnormal growth and leakage of blood vessels at the back of the eye.

Aflibercept 8 mg has been submitted for approval for the treatment of visual impairment due to nAMD and DME based on the results from 2 studies called PHOTON and PULSAR. This study will begin once approval is obtained. Currently, no real-world data are available for aflibercept 8 mg.

The main purpose of this study is to collect more information about how well aflibercept 8 mg injection works in people with nAMD and DME. This study will include participants who have not received any prior treatment for nAMD or DME and participants who have.

The main information that researchers will collect:
the change in vision test scores called the best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) after 12 months of treatment.

Data will be collected from February 2024 to September 2027 and will cover a period of up to 24 months per participant. The data will be collected using medical records and by interviewing the patients during regular visits that take place in routine practice.

Researchers will observe participants from the first injection of aflibercept 8 mg until the end of the observation.

In this study, only available data from regular visits will be collected. No visits or tests are required as part of this study.

Inclusion Criteria
Inclusion criteria for patients with nAMD
- A diagnosis of nAMD 
- Patient aged ≥50 years
- Patients for whom the decision to initiate treatment with intravitreal (IVT) aflibercept 8 mg according to a local product information was made as part of routine clinical practice
- Signed informed patient consent before the start of data collection (according to the requirements of the local authorities and laws)

Inclusion criteria for patients with DME
- A diagnosis of DME
- Patient aged ≥18 years (or country’s legal age of adulthood if the legal age is >18 years) with type 1 or type 2 diabetes mellitus
- Patients for whom the decision to initiate treatment with IVT aflibercept 8 mg according to a local product information was made as part of routine clinical practice
- Signed informed patient consent before the start of data collection (according to the requirements of the local authorities and laws)
Exclusion Criteria
Exclusion criteria for all patients with nAMD
- Participation in an investigational program with interventions outside of clinical routine practice
- Contraindications as listed in the local intravitreal aflibercept 8 mg local product information
- Extra/periocular infection or inflammation in either eye at time of first injection
- Patient receiving other intravitreal treatments other than aflibercept in the fellow eye
- Any medication interfering with aflibercept 8 mg in the intravitreal aflibercept 8 mg local product information
Additional exclusion criteria for treatment-naïve patients with nAMD
- Any prior ocular treatment in the study eye or systemic treatment in nAMD 
Additional exclusion criteria for pretreated patients with nAMD
- Prior intravitreal anti-VEGF treatments in the study eye within the last 28 days
- Prior treatment with intravitreal corticosteroid in the study eye within the last 3 months 
- Fluocinolone implant in the study eye within the last 3 years
- Dexamethasone implant in the study eye within the last 6 months
- Any concurrent drug releasing implant in the study eye


Exclusion criteria for all patients with DME
- Participation in an investigational program with interventions outside of clinical routine practice
- Contraindications as listed in the intravitreal aflibercept 8 mg local product information
- Extra/periocular infection or inflammation in either eye at time of first injection
- Patient receiving other intravitreal treatments other than aflibercept in the fellow eye
- Any medication interfering with aflibercept 8 mg in the intravitreal aflibercept 8 mg local product information
- Previous treatment of the study eye with laser in the last 90 days prior to first IVT aflibercept 8 mg
Additional exclusion criteria for treatment-naïve patients with DME
- Any prior ocular treatment in the study eye or systemic treatment in DME
Additional exclusion criteria for pretreated patients with DME
- Prior intravitreal anti-VEGF treatments in the study eye within the last 28 days
- Prior treatment with intravitreal corticosteroid in the study eye within the last 3 months 
- Fluocinolone implant in the study eye within the last 3 years
- Dexamethasone implant in the study eye within the last 6 months
- Any concurrent drug releasing implant in the study eye

Trial Summary

Enrollment Goal
2500
Trial Dates
black-arrow
Phase
4
Could I receive a placebo?
No
Products
Aflibercept (VEGF Trap-Eye, BAY86-5321)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers
No

Where to Participate

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Locations
Status
LocationsStatus
Locations

Many Locations

Many Locations, United Arab Emirates

Status
Not yet recruiting
Locations

Many Locations

Many Locations, Canada

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Not yet recruiting
Locations

Many Locations

Many Locations, Switzerland

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Recruiting
Locations

Many Locations

Many Locations, Germany

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Recruiting
Locations

Many Locations

Many Locations, Denmark

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Not yet recruiting
Locations

Many Locations

Many Locations, Finland

Status
Not yet recruiting
Locations

Many Locations

Many Locations, France

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Not yet recruiting
Locations

Many Locations

Many Locations, United Kingdom

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Recruiting
Locations

Many Locations

Many Locations, Italy

Status
Not yet recruiting
Locations

Many Locations

Many Locations, Japan

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Not yet recruiting
Locations

Many Locations

Many Locations, Netherlands

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Not yet recruiting
Locations

Many Locations

Many Locations, Norway

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Not yet recruiting
Locations

Many Locations

Many Locations, Saudi Arabia

Status
Not yet recruiting
Locations

Many Locations

Many Locations, Sweden

Status
Not yet recruiting
Locations

Many Locations

Many Locations, Australia

Status
Not yet recruiting

Trial Design