An observational pregnancy safety study in women who were exposed to the drug nifurtimox during pregnancy to learn about the risk of pregnancy complications and about the mother’s and baby’s health
This is an observational study in which data from women with Chagas disease who will take or have already taken nifurtimox during pregnancy and the impact on their babies are studied.
Chagas disease is an inflammatory, infectious disease caused by the parasite Trypanosoma cruzi. This parasite is mainly spread by insects called triatomine bug. If Chagas disease is left untreated, it can later cause e.g. serious heart and digestive problems.
Nifurtimox has been used for more than 50 years to treat Chagas disease in children and adults.
It is not recommended to be used during pregnancy as data from animal studies indicate that it may harm the baby. Currently, there are not enough data to know if this is also the case in humans.
In this study, researchers want to collect data on the safety of nifurtimox use in pregnant women. To do this, researchers will collect the following information:
• Birth defects (abnormal and problematic structures or functions, a child is born with)
• Pregnancy outcomes (like live birth, preterm birth, still birth/death of the unborn baby, miscarriage, or abortion)
• Certain health problems of the child up to 12 months of age
• Certain health problems of the women experienced during pregnancy
The data will be collected from different sources including telephone calls with the women or their doctor, CRFs (case reprt forms) or from medical records
The researchers will compare the proportion of children with birth defects, pregnancy outcomes or certain health problems of the child or the women during pregnancy with available data on these outcomes in the general population.
The study will run for approximately 10 years.
- Females exposed to at least 1 dose of nifurtimox at any time during pregnancy (i.e., from the first day of the last menstrual period / time of conception to pregnancy outcome). - Written informed consent (for adolescents under the age of majority, written informed assent by the pregnant minor (where applicable) and written informed consent by the parent/legal guardian).
Observational Pregnancy Safety Study of Women Exposed to Nifurtimox During Pregnancy to Describe the Risk of Pregnancy and Maternal Complications and Other Events of Interest on the Developing Fetus, Neonate, and Infant