Trial Condition(s):

Venous Thromboembolism

Study to compare the effectiveness of Rivaroxaban (Xarelto) versus low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) and phenprocoumon for the treatment and secondary prevention of venous thromboembolism in routine clinical practice in Germany

Bayer Identifier:

21456

ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:

NCT04444804

EudraCT Number:

Not Available

Study Completed

Trial Purpose

Researcher in this study want to compare the effectiveness of Rivaroxaban (Xarelto) versus low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) and phenprocoumon for the treatment and secondary prevention of venous thromboembolism by evaluating routine clinical practice data from research database in Germany. VTE is defined by a blood clot in the leg or lower extremity (deep vein thrombosis) or a blood clot in the lung (pulmonary embolism). Treatment of VTE traditionally consists of acute anticoagulation treatment with heparin (mainly LMWH), followed by maintenance oral anticoagulation with vitamin-K antagonists (in Germany mainly phenprocoumon). Rivaroxaban, a direct-acting oral anticoagulants (DOAC), is an alternative VTE treatment and has been approved for both the acute and maintenance phase of VTE treatment. The study will enroll adult male or female patients who are newly diagnosed with VTE and are already on the treatment with Rivaroxaban or LMWH and phenprocoumon. Researchers are especially interested whether patients experience under treatment any VTE events or fatal bleedings.

Inclusion Criteria
-  At least one new diagnosis of VTE during the inclusion period:
    - Ambulatory diagnosis, coded as verified,
    - Primary hospital discharge diagnosis.
    - Secondary hospital discharge diagnosis
    The quarter of the first VTE diagnosis in the inclusion period will be defined as the index quarter. For hospital diagnoses,
    the date of admission will be used to define the index quarter.
 -  The 12 months prior to the index date will define the baseline period for all included patients. Patients treated with 
    anticoagulation regimens other than defined above (e.g. other DOACs) will not be included in the study. All patients will
    have to fulfill the additional inclusion criteria:
    - Continuous enrolment in the baseline period 
    - ≥ 18 years of age at index date
Exclusion Criteria
-  A verified ambulatory or primary/ secondary hospital discharge diagnosis of VTE in the baseline period;
 -  A verified ambulatory or primary/ secondary hospital discharge diagnosis of atrial fibrillation in the baseline period; 
    Individuals with documented cardiac valve surgery in the baseline period;
 -  A verified ambulatory or primary/ secondary hospital discharge diagnosis indicating pregnancy in the baseline period;
 -  A prescription of any anticoagulation treatment (heparins; vitamin-K antagonists; rivaroxaban; other DOACs) in the
    baseline period;
 -  A verified ambulatory or primary/ secondary hospital discharge diagnosis of end-stage kidney disease or a claim for
    dialysis in the baseline period;
 -  A prescription of contraindicated drug for rivaroxaban due to drug interactions (i.e. azole antifungals and HIV protease
    inhibitors) in the 60 days before or on the index date.
 -  Patients assigned to rivaroxaban exposure groups who were initially treated with a dose strength other than 15 mg or 20
    mg per tablet.

Trial Summary

Enrollment Goal
22153
Trial Dates
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Phase
N/A
Could I receive a placebo?
No
Products
Xarelto (Rivaroxaban, BAY59-7939)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers
No

Where to Participate

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Locations
Status
LocationsStatus
Locations

Multiple facilities

Multiple locations, Germany

Status
Completed
 

Trial Design