SCEM of Rivaroxaban in Acute Coronary Syndrome
Rivaroxaban is a medicine which reduces the formation of blood clots. Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) comprises a range of disorders, including heart attack and unstable angina, caused by a sudden reduction in blood flow to part of the heart muscle. This study aims to collect information on the use of rivaroxaban and its safety when used by patients for the prevention of atherothrombotic (plaque rupture leading to a blood clot) events following ACS, during the first three months after starting. This study was requested by Epidemiology at Bayer as part of a programme for ACS indication as condition to the MAH. It will last for approximately 3 years and is a national study covering the whole of England and Wales. The study aims to recruit patients who have been prescribed rivaroxaban and antiplatelet therapy and patients who have been prescribed alternative dual antiplatelet therapy for the secondary prevention of atherothrombotic events following ACS. Each patient will only be monitored for the first 12 weeks after hospital admission for ACS. Patients who choose to take part will complete a consent form. The patient's care team will be asked to complete a baseline questionnaire about the patient at the time the medicine is given and a further questionnaire up to 16 weeks later, specifically asking about the patient's experiences whilst on the medication. If anything unusual is reported during the observation period, the care team may be asked to fill out a followup questionnaire. With the patient's consent, the study team will also inform the patient's General Practitioner (GP) of their participation in the study and will ask the GP to complete an abridged questionnaire from the patient's medical records. The study team will analyse and aggregate the data, carefully protecting patient confidentiality, to classify adverse events of interest, in particular bleeding events.
- Age 18 years or above - Patients newly prescribed rivaroxaban in any combination with standard oral antiplatelet therapy for the indication of secondary prevention in patients after ACS - Patients prescribed dual antiplatelet therapy (contextual cohort) for the indication of secondary prevention after ACS - Patients have provided signed, informed consent
- Patients prescribed with oral anticoagulants including rivaroxaban within 6 months prior to the index date for any indication - Patients commenced rivaroxaban between date of market launch (28th October 2014) for the indication of secondary prevention after ACS and study start (18th September 2015)
An Observational Post-authorization Safety Specialist Cohort Event Monitoring Study (SCEM) to Monitor the Safety and Utilization of rivaroxaban (XARELTO®) initiated in secondary care for the prevention of atherothrombotic events in patients who have had acute coronary syndrome in England and Wales